As a child, I can still recall the chaotic and frightening sight; everyone running up and down, someone pouring cold water and another person trying to force medications or glucose or their fingers in between the gritting teeth of someone having a seizure. Some of you have witnessed this too!
Apart from Epilepsy, one of the major causes of fits in children is ‘febrile convulsion’ also known as febrile seizures. It may occur in some children (usually between age 6 months to 3 years) when they have fever due to an infection, but in some cases, the cause is not known.
Febrile convulsions are often one-offs and children often recover without complications.
Seizures are NOT CONTAGIOUS
Signs; these are involuntary👇🏽
👉🏽 usually lasts less than 5 minutes
👉🏽stiffness, twitching or jerking hands and legs
👉🏽tongue biting, eye rolling, foaming in the mouth
👉🏽unconsciousness, then they may recover slowly (but may be drowsy for a while)
They may wet themselves with urine or soil themselves with faeces.
👉🏽do not put anything inside their mouth (water, food, medications, spoons, fingers etc.)
👉🏽 do not stigmatise them( NOT contagious)
👉🏽 do not pour water on them
👉🏽 do not abandon or run away from them
What to do👇🏽
👉🏽Check that the surroundings are safe and try to remove any hazards safely(live wire, sharp objects, open fire etc)
👉🏽You also need to be safe, otherwise you may be unable to help them.
👉🏽Put them in the recovery position if you’re trained to
👉🏽Get them to the doctor immediately
Ring an ambulance or get them to the hospital immediately👇🏽
👉🏽Seizures lasting more than 5 minutes
👉🏽Non stop bleeding from anywhere
👉🏽Struggling to breath
An eyewitness account is very important ( ideally the eyewitness should accompany the child to the doctor’s appointment, making a note of what happened and how long for)
The Doctor will ask questions and examine as appropriate.
In most cases, no further tests are required to make a diagnosis of a simple febrile convulsion.
In most cases, there will be no need for any medication.
Remember that CONVULSIONS are NOT CONTAGIOUS, so you would not have convulsions or Epilepsy by helping someone who has the condition.
Let’s Stop the Epilepsy Stigma
Look out for the concluding part on epilepsy